Overview-Let me start out by saying the welfare of the client is 1st and foremost in our investigations. 
​​​The Paranormal P.I'S are a mother and daughters team ​from the Central Minnesota area. We are a non-profit organization. We will NEVER charge for an investigation. The team pays for everything. We do accept donations and use this for gas, equipment, batteries, etc. Our group has never been on Television or Radio.

​​We are dedicated, professional, discreet, and most importantly, we are here to help others. There are NO experts in the Paranormal field. We strive to do our very best at each and every investigation. ​​​
​Karen, lead 
investigator and founder of the group has been investigating for several years. We are very respectful of the living and the departed.  We are here to help people with their paranormal problems,
whether it be natural or unnatural. And to find evidence to the possibility of an afterlife. There has been evidence over the years that can't be ignored..So we will continue our search.....​​

We are skeptics of any evidence we don't see for ourselves, yet firm believers of the paranormal. We will try to find a natural cause for any disturbance. If we can't debunk something then we may consider it to be paranormal. If any of our video/data is questionable it WILL NOT BE USED.
Before an investigation we do extensive research on the property, structure, and previous and present owners/renters. We then set up a time/date for the investigation. We use some of the latest equipment in our investigations. (please see our Methodology page for more information)
​​Once the investigation is over our responsibilities will end there.
We are there to investigate and document any activity. we don't do house blessings, cleansing or exorcisms.

However, we may be able to help you get in touch with a group that provides these services.​

​Short history of Paranormal.​​

​One of the earliest known ghost “sightings” took place in Athens, Greece. Pliny the Younger(c. 63 – 113 AD) described it in a letter to Licinius Sura: Athenodoros Cananites (c. 74 BC – 7 AD), a Stoic philosopher, decided to rent a large, Athenian house, to investigate widespread rumors that it was haunted. Athenodoros staked out at the house that night, and, sure enough, a disheveled, aged spectre, bound at feet and hands with rattling chains, eventually “appeared”. The spirit then
beckoned for Athenodoros to follow him; Athenodoros complied, but the ghost soon vanished. The philosopher marked the spot where the old man had disappeared, and, on the next day, advised the magistrates to dig there. The man’s shackled bones were reportedly uncovered three years later.
After a proper burial, the hauntings ceased. It can be seen that a number of accounts of ghosts around the world seem to follow this theme of a ghost looking for a proper burial or to right some action in their life where they wronged, or were wronged before they can rest.  

Residual Haunting- In many incidences of spirit encounters, people have reported seeing the ghost or ghosts who do not interact with living people or with the environment around them. They seem to be oblivious of the people who happen upon them.  Also, these ghosts will perform the same actions every time they are seen, Like a film playing over and over, and may only show up at certain times of the day, the month, or even the year.

This is a classic example of a residual haunting. Paranormal investigators believe that this type of haunting is not a true spirit, but rather the residual imprint of actions which take place in that particular location. Most often, these actions involved a lot of emotional energy being released at one time; usually around or at the point of someone's death. Residual hauntings can often be found on old battlefields, old homes, and other historic locations.
Since this type of haunting is not intelligent (they will not try to interact with you.  They are generally the easiest to cope with.

Intelligent Haunt:- The second type of haunting is a sentient specter, or a spirit. Unlike a residual haunting, a true spirit can interact with its environment. This means that it may talk to a living person and move small items around. 

The behavior of a ghost varies greatly, much like people in general. Some spirits are elusive and may never be seen by many who work or dwell in a haunted location. Other spirits may seek the attention of the living by appearing to people. Spirits can also make their presence known invisibly; some people can actually sense them. 

Ghosts have been known to have an attachment to a place, an object, or even a person.

Poltergeist -Of all of the types of hauntings, the poltergeist is perhaps the most vague. Poltergeists, or "noisy spirits," can move small objects around and make noise. Poltegeists, like ghostly phenomenon in general, have been reported all over the world.

So what makes a poltergeist different from a ghost? Simply put, not all poltergeists are true spirits. In some instances, poltergeist activity may be the result of environmental activity, such as high levels of electromagnetic energy in an area. Some paranormal researchers such as Hans Holzer and Brad Steiger imply that this activity may be the result of psychic projections from one of the people involved.

Demonic - This type of haunting is the worst by far. It goes by many other names throughout the world:
elemental, deva, djinn, and countless other local names. In simplest terms, the universal definition of a demon is a spirit which was never human.  A fallen Angel. Demons can inhabit a structure in numerous ways. It can be attracted there by dark magic rituals, by acts of violence, or by being summoned. (Ouija board, Seance, etc).

Sometimes, people who play with ouija boards can summon a demon and not even realize it. In February of 2009, a speaker at Le Festival D'Espirits, a paranormal convention held at Shreveport Municipal Auditorium, told how a Demon which she communicated with, via ouija board passed itself off as the ghost of a pre-teenage boy that died (it should be noted that she was not seeking to speak with a demon, but with her deceased grandmother). It was not long after that night that she and her children were terrorized by the demon. It took several exorcisms to rid her house of the evil. ​​​​​​

Shadow people - It takes more energy to configure into a full body apparition than a small ball of light or mist energies.

Easily confused with normal shadows, these dark ghostly apparitions are often spotted at a distance or in peripheral vision, and are between two and ten feet long. They are often experienced as a small darting essence in the corner of the eye, or as a larger and more menacing humanoid presence.

Interesting enough, light will not pass through them, these type spirit energies have density and can create a shadow on the ground or the wall.

Shadows are relatively common and have been cast when orbs and vortex's are photographed. Shadow People because of their dark forms are often considered to be evil.
shadow people are simply another manifestation of spirit energies.

​​​​Doppelganger:- A ghost of the present that looks identical to a living person.

Harbinger:-​​​​​ A ghost of the future that brings warning of impending events. This is a friendly ghost and seems to choose it's contacts to deliver
messages of impending danger.

Entities - Are ghosts that appear to be conscious and often interactive; can apply to something other than human.
These are the most intense of infestations, and fortunately, very rare.

Many people have opinions on what this final level of ghosts are - some people think they are extremely violent individuals, ​murderers, psychotics, and just plain evil people.

Strangely enough, they are almost exclusively called forth through Ouija Boards, and séances. 

gray ladies - The ghosts of women who reportedly died violently for the sake of love or pined away from loss
of love. Gray ladies take their name from their frequent appearance as women dressed in gray. Some, however,
appear clothed in white, black and brown.
According to lore, gray ladies haunt a house because of their intense desire to be reunited with a loved one.
Their HAUNTINGS often are associated with POLTERGEIST activity. Gray ladies appear around the world. Many have
been documented in England;

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Energy - in theory, spirits are energy and will use any existing energy in the atmosphere when attempting to manifest themselves. They soak it up like a sponge.​
In the case of investigating a location, some of the energy a spirit can use is from the batteries in our devices., and our energy too.I don't believe they are choosing to use the energy specifically from those batteries or us, but only drawing in any energy in the area.

While both battery and physical drain can be frustrating, allowing spirits access to that energy can result in some great evidence.

​“‘Stay behinds/ Ghost" 
are relatively common, (Hans Holzer).
​Somebody dies, and then they’re really surprised that all of a sudden they’re not dead. They’re alive like they were. They don’t understand it because they weren’t prepared for it. So they go back to what they knew most – their chair, their room, and they just sit there. Next, they want to let people know that they’re still ‘alive.’ So they’ll do little things like moving things, appear to relatives, pushing objects, poltergeist phenomena, and so on.”

Types of Hauntings, types of Ghosts- When it comes to ghosts and spiritual phenomenon, no two hauntings/Ghosts are the same. The following headings will explain the different types of hauntings  and Ghosts.​​​​​


The difference between a Spirit and a Ghost: Ghosts have not gone into the light. Could these be the shadow people we catch on some photos?​​ Spirit (unlike a ghost) Is an entity that has passed over but can return. A spirit can travel between dimensions, heaven, the other side..where ever we go when we die.

popular usage the term  Ghost refers to a deceased person's spirit.

A place where ghosts are reported is described as haunted, and often seen as being inhabited by spirits of deceased who may have been former residents or were familiar with the property.

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See our website Reviews & Statistics
“For those who believe, no proof is necessary. For those who don't believe, no proof is possible.”​​  Stuart Chase
The boundaries which divide Life from Death are at best shadowy and vague. Who shall say where the one ends, and where the other begins?

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Click GAC to fill out our membership form..
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“The term "paranormal" has existed in the English language since at least 1920. The word consists of two parts: para and normal. The definition implies that the scientific explanation of the world around us is 'normal' and anything that is above, beyond, or contrary to that is 'para'.


​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​History of Spiritualism -
 Mediums, Psychics, Sensitive’s, call them what you will but at the heart of each of these is a person. Each has there own story to tell for how they became sensitive, perhaps their grandmother was sensitive and she passed on her gift, perhaps its just one of those things they have had since they were a child, talking to imaginary friends who no one else could see. As varied and colorful the subject of the Paranormal is, the history of Spiritualism is just as diverse, both intrinsically linked to the other, by the worst of all aspects of life itself. Death.

Spiritualism is a belief that spirits of the dead have both the ability and the inclination to communicate with the living. The afterlife, or "spirit world", is seen by Spiritualists, not as a static place, but as one in which spirits continue to evolve. These two beliefs: that contact with spirits is possible, and that spirits are more advanced than humans, leads Spiritualists to a third belief, that spirits are capable of providing useful knowledge about moral and ethical issues, as well as about the nature of God. Thus, many Spiritualists will speak of their spirit guides — specific spirits, often contacted, who are relied upon for spiritual guidance.
​Spiritism, a branch of Spiritualism developed by Allan Kardec and today found mostly in Continental Europe and Latin America,
​​especially Brazil, has emphasized​

Although various Spiritualist traditions have their own beliefs, known as Principles, there are some shared concepts:

A belief in spirit communication.
A belief that the soul continues to exist after the death of the physical body.
Personal responsibility for life circumstances.
Even after death it is possible for the soul to learn and improve
A belief in a God, often referred to as "Infinite Intelligence".
The natural world considered as an expression of said intelligence.

Spiritualism developed and reached its peak growth in membership from the 1840s to the 1920s, especially in English-speaking countries. 

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​From the Smithsonian.com​​  (pictures & story)​​​​​​ 
Spiritualismin  in the Modern World can be linked to events in a little town called Hydesville, near Rochester, New York State in the late 1840's. James Fox, a Methodist Farmer, had finished his hard days work and was ready for bed, in the family home lived himself, his wife Margaret and two of his beloved daughters, Margaretta aged 14 and Kate aged 12. It was the last day in March 1848, the summer was coming and lots would need to be done on the farm, his focus and thought should have been on the coming season, yet they were not. Just as they had done for the few nights previously the two children were upset, and his wife was becoming so too. A strange rattling sound was coming from various parts of his home, thinking it was the wind he tried locking the window shutters more securely, yet with no wind present he was dumbfounded, but things were to get worse, a lot worse, before they got better. The Home was little more than a shack with a single room in which to eat, relax and sleep for the whole family. Margaret Fox reassured her children that with April Fools day being tomorrow it was just one of the youths from the village playing tricks upon them, she thought it would be fun to test them and challenged them to copy her own bangs and rattles. She snapped her fingers a number of times and each time received the same number of noises, more tests were needed and so she clapped her hands, only to be answered in the same way. She was becoming a little startled but did not want to show it to her children, deep inside she knew it was not a frivolous youngster out for cheap thrills from the village, the only person other than herself and her children in the house was her husband, and he was not the type to do such things to upset his family. She decided to put the noises to the ultimate test, a question which no one in the village would have been able to answer, she asked aloud for the different ages of her children, for not only had she the two daughters but she had more children too, even a poor little baby who died aged three. As expected, though still dreaded, the noises tapped out all of her children’s ages, leaving gaps long enough to know when the next count was to begin, the very last count sounded faint and very small, the count was knock, knock, knock.
She must have been a little perplexed by now, heaven knows what her children were feeling too. She asked aloud if it was a human making the noises, yet got no response, pensively she asked if it was a spirit, for confirmation she asked for two knocks for a yes answer, she received her two knocks (A form of communication still used today with spirits for an affirmative answer). News quickly spread in the rural community of Hydesville, the Fox place was haunted, indeed the last tenant moved out because the knocking upset him so much. People were quick to blame the two girls for the noises, claiming it was all a stunt by adolescent girls out for a laugh. Soon not only the entire village knew but the entire Continents of North America and Europe knew about the strange goings on, many new stories came to light at this time as people became a little more confident to report strange goings on in their homes.​​​​​​​​​​​​​

​​​​​​The Fox family- were to be plagued with the restless spirits for many months to come, many people stayed at the house and various theories came to light as to why there was a ghost in the house. Facts and dates were obtained from the spirit, but only snippets at a time. The story went that a peddler had stopped by the house just a few years previously, the owner at the time was a man called Mr Bell. This peddler had asked for a room for the night, Mr Bell had let the man in for the night, though somehow during the evening Mr Bell had killed the Peddler for the $500 he had in his bundle. Mr Bell had then buried the body and covered it with quicklime in the cellar. James Fox and his friends quickly dug up the cellar, finding an underground stream they had to wait a couple of months for the water level to drop but eventually sure enough a few feet further down they found the quickly rotting corpse. Mr Bell was even found too, living in Lyon closer to New York City, calls were made for his arrest but no trial could go ahead on the say so of a ghost. Strangely the spirit foresaw this as he had communicated with people previously, through knocks and taps he had told them that his murderer would never be brought to justice. The noises however went on, even when both Margaretta and Kate went to live with their other Brother and Sister far way the noises followed them there.

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Here is the Fox sisters story...(Wikipedia)

The Fox Sisters are considered to be the founders of the Modern Spiritualist movement. Leah, Margaretta and Kate Fox claimed to communicate with the spirits of dead people. On March 31, 1848 Kate and Margaretta (aged 11 and 13) communicated with a spirit they called "Mr. Splitfoot" by rapping on the walls. The phenomenon wowed the locals and the story spread that the girls were communicating with the spirit of a previous tenant of the house who had been murdered. Leah, the oldest sister, also claimed to have the ability to communicate with spirits and soon the three found themselves touring the region and demonstrating their abilities. Eventually the Fox Sisters appeared in New York City (thanks in part to P. T. Barnum) and across the United States. They endured plenty of criticism and fell on hard times, and by 1888 they renounced their claims of special powers; Kate admitted they'd fooled everyone by simply cracking their toes to mimic rapping sounds from the dead. A year later they retracted that confession, making the whole deal even more confusing. Skeptics now claim the sisters died destitute alcoholics and were frauds who made a living out of pretending to talk to the spirits of the dead. Believers still maintain the truth of the sisters' original story, and Spiritualism continues to have hundreds of thousands of followers.​

​​​​​​​​​​Willington Mill Ghost-
from the north East of England came an Industrialist and devout Quaker called Joshua Proctor moved into a house built around 1800. It was the autumn of 1834 when the Proctors began to notice disturbances in their house near Tyneside in northern England. Every member of the family complained of hearing footsteps and whistling that could not be accounted for. The sound of a clock being wound could not be explained. Over a six-year period, the intensity of the haunting increased. The stomping of angry footsteps echoed throughout the house, contrasted by faint whisperings. And then there were the apparitions. The white figure of a strange woman was seen in a window by a neighbor, and then seen in other rooms of the house by the Proctors. A disembodied white face appeared over a stair railing, seeming to watch the family.
​Two men, a Dr Edward Drury and his friend a Mr Hudson set about finding what the noises were, accompanying them were two loaded pistols ready to scare any hoaxers into thinking again before upsetting the peaceful Quakers.​
At 11pm on the 3rd of July 1840 Dr Drury and Mr Hudson took part in what could be the very first vigil to investigate the paranormal.
​​They made themselves comfortable on the third floor landing, just near them was the "haunted" room where Mr Proctor had heard things. As midnight struck they heard a strange sound, as though someone was walking on the wooden floor boards with bare feet, yet Mr Proctor, Mr Hudson and Dr Drury were the only three people inside the house at the time. All three men expected to find a hoaxer trying to scare them, but what Dr Drury saw scared him far more than any hoaxer ever could. After forty-five minutes of the odd bang, scrape and rustling noise the men thought the nights activities were settling down, when all of a sudden a closet door swung open and the ghost of a young lady came striding towards them, her head lolling to one side and one hand clutching at her belly, her face a torment of pain. Mr Hudson was directly in the path of the spirit yet Dr Drury found the courage to charge at the spirit and passed right through her knocking over Mr Hudson in the process! Drury went into a blind fit of horror and had to be dragged out of the building by the other two men, both just as dumbstruck as the other. Dr Drury had to be calmed down, and that took ten days, upon coming around he claimed not to be able to recollect what had happened. All of this was reported in a book called The Night Side of Nature by a Scottish woman named Catherine Crowe, the book was released in 1848,
Although paranormal photography is not an exact science and many people dismiss it, it can still be considered a genuine field of study. Inexplicable images known as orbs, ectoplasm, or vortexes appear in many photographs quite unexpectedly. Most can be easily explained, but some are not so straightforward. More information on  spirit Photography below.
​​​The Ghost Club, was organized in London in 1862,  it is believed to be the oldest paranormal research organization in the world attracting such notable members as Charles Dickens and Sir William Crookes.11, No women were allowed until 1938. Brief story of the "GHOST CLUB" below..

“I have long thought that 98% of reported haunting s have a natural and mundane explanation, but it is the other 2% that have interested me.” Peter Underwood, was in no doubt about the reality of ghosts and attended many seances and exorcisms he served for 31 years as president of the Ghost Club, 1962-1993. He also wrote more than 50 books on ghost hunting and the paranormal..


​​​​​​Spirit photography-
is a type of photography whose primary attempt is to capture images of ghosts and other spiritual entities, especially in ghost hunting and has a strong history dating back to the late 19th century.
Perhaps the first "ghost photo" was taken in 1860 by W. Campbell in New Jersey. The photo was of an empty chair, but once the photo was developed, the image of a small boy was discovered. 
I searched the internet for months and could not find this photo.​

Respected English scientist Sir William Crookes, who conducted research into various paranormal phenomena concluded that, among other things, spirit photography was a credible pursuit.

Spirit photography was first used by William H. Mumler in the 1860s. Mumler discovered the technique by accident, after he discovered a second person in a photograph he took of himself, which he found was actually a double exposure.

Early cameras had very long exposure time—up to one minute—during which the subject had to remain perfectly still. It was quite common for "ghostly" images to appear when a subject moved or left the frame before the exposure was complete.
Seeing there was a market for it, Mumler started working as a medium, taking people's pictures and doctoring the negatives to add lost loved ones into them (mostly using other photographs as basis). Mumler's fraud was discovered after he put identifiable living Boston residents in the photos as spirits.

Another spiritualist, claimed that spirit photography operated by means of a fluid substance called ectoplasm, in which the spirits take form. Some spiritualists authored books supporting spirit photography.

One of the later spirit photographers was William Hope (1863–1933). The psychical researcher Harry Price ( also a GHOST CLUB member) revealed that the photographs of Hope were frauds. Price secretly marked Hope's photographic plates, and provided him with a packet of additional plates that had been covertly etched with the brand image of the Imperial Dry Plate Co. Ltd. in the knowledge that the logo would be transferred to any images created with them. Unaware that Price had tampered with his supplies, Hope then attempted to produce a number of Spirit photographs. Although Hope produced several images of spirits, none of his materials contained the Imperial Dry Plate Co. Ltd logo, or the marks that Price had put on Hope's original equipment, showing that he had exchanged prepared materials containing fake spirit images for the provided materials.  This is one example of why there is a  lack of acceptance of "spirit photography" today.​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​One of the best-known ghost photos of all time was taken by Sybell Corbett at Combermere Abbey in Cheshire, England. (Above) The photo was of a library room, taken with an exposure of one hour. Although the room was apparently unoccupied the entire time, the resulting photo clearly showed a man sitting in a chair. The man was identified by a relative as Lord Combermere, who had died in an accident five days earlier.

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​The Brown Lady..(ABOVE)

​​​​​Author and researcher Thurston Hopkins studied the photo and he too declared it genuine. “It may well be the most genuine ghost photograph we possess,” he added, “and no study of the supernatural is complete without a reference to it.”

​The photo above is a photograph that
​was taken in the Australian outback by the Reverend R.S. Blance at Corroboree Rock, located 100 miles from Alice Springs. The photo was taken in 1959.
According to the legends of the site, the place was known for being a spot where the Aborigine tribesmen carried out terrible ceremonies in the past. According to the minister, there was no other human activity in the area at the time the photo was taken.



                                                                                               Please see disclaimer...

  Leah, Kate, Maggie​
                    1862 - to present 

Edison- believed that the “soul” was made up of what he called “life units”. These microscopic particles or life units could rearrange into any form. They retained full memory, personality and were indestructible. Edison’s machine would detect these life units in the environment and allow living individuals to communicate with the dead. He put many years of hard
work into his new creation, but sadly, he died before it was finished. Some people thought Edison was crazy. Others thought that he was onto something bigger than any of his other inventions. They believed that if he had a little more time, we might all today be living in a very different world.

For numerous years the subject of any paranormal conversation was generally taboo and kept behind closed doors. Although the subject is now not just accepted, but a source of entertainment; this change is due, in part, to the number of paranormal television shows that have been adorning our screen for the past few years. While people can argue these shows are fake or just for entertainment, no‐one can disagree
that they have brought public interest to the field, which has enabled paranormal researchers access to more data and clients which they would not have had in the past. 
This data has been invaluable to our research, and enabled us to help many more clients. Theory and Research
This has moved on to the evolution of equipment, as people are finding new ways to apply equipment to the field, which has sparked new research. Examples would include research into
Infrasound and ElectroMagnetic Fields.

What is the future of paranormal research? As with all fields of the unknown, the future is research
and the people that drive that research.  ​
Paranormal teams will come and go. They will generally follow the normal path of a group of enthusiasts who investigate graveyards with little more than a video camera and a notebook, until they start studying the science and theory of the past, evolve their theories and then start to perform their own research and propose their own theories. So, the future of paranormal research is simple. It’s research, and most importantly, its you.

Article by Ian Murphy...​PRAB
Posted with MR Murphy's permission.​
Full story on......
After months and months of research on the Ghost Club/ Ghost Club society, I have taken the information from several different papers & people all with the same dates, names, etc.. I found a lot of inaccurate information one piece being that Arthur Balfour was an original 1851 member of the Ghost Society. Arthur was not born till 1848 so he would have been 3 in 1851. Arthur was president of the SPR in 1893. Being a member of the Ghost Club, I wanted to be as accurate as I possibly could. There were many years where there was no information on either club..
The Ghost Club-1862-present/ Ghost club society 1851-2005?/SPR-1882-present/ ASPR-1884-present, BSPR-1925 incororated into ASPR in 1941. are 4 different organizations

​​Ghost Club Society
- the Ghost Society, (was the precursor to the Society for Psychical Research,) Founded in 1851 By Fenton Hort, EW.Benson &  BF.wescott. The Ghost Club Society is the world's oldest and most prestigious society devoted to the serious and impartial investigation, study and discussion of subjects not yet understood or accepted by science. Cambridge Ghost Society has included such members as: H. Bradshaw, Hon. A. Gordon, H. Luard, C.B. Scott, Gordon Gorham, Henry Sedgwick, Frederic Meyers, Edmund Gurney, Lord Raleigh.y. 

Many members belonged to both clubs. Ghost club/ Ghost society​​.

​​1882-1936 First revival. Members include Sir William Crookes, Sir William Barratt, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Sir Oliver Lodge, W. B. Yeats and Harry Price.

1938 -1947 Second revival.
With Harry Price as Chairman. Members include Lord Amwell, Algernon Blackwood, Mrs K. M. (Mollie Goldney, Sir Ernest Jelf, K. E. Shelley QC, Sir Osbert Sitwell, Dr Paul Tabori and Peter Underwood.

​1954 -1993 Third revival. With Peter Underwood as President. Members K. E. Shelley QC, Dr Christabel Nicholson,Dr Paul Tabori, Donald Campbell MBE, Peter Sellers,Dennis Wheatley, Dr George Owen, Lord Dowding, Ena Twigg and Sir Julian Huxley. Some say this club is no longer active as of 2005, I believe it still exits to this day.

​The club has its roots in Cambridge when in 1855 3 fellows at Trinity College began to discuss ghosts and psychic phenomena.  Charles Dickens was one of the founding members. Formally launched in London in 1862 (attracting some lighthearted ridicule in The Times), it counted amongst its early members Charles Dickens and Cambridge academics and clergymen. One of the club's earliest investigations, in 1862, was of the Davenport Brothers' "spirit cabinet".......

​​​​​​​​​​​​The Ghost Club was challenging the brothers' claim to be contacting the dead - a claim that was later proved to be a hoax. The results of that investigation, though, were never made public.​​ Early members of the Ghost Club including Sir William Barrett  and Sir William Crookes...

This group undertook practical investigations of spiritualist phenomena, which was then much in vogue and would meet and discuss ghostly subjects. The Ghost Club seems to have dissolved in the 1870s following the death of Dickens.

1882 Revitalisation
The Ghost Club was revived on All Saints Day 1882 by Alfred Alaric Watts, the son of journalist and poet Alaric Alexander Watts, and a famous contemporary medium, the Reverend Stainton Moses. At one point they claimed to be the original founders of the club, without acknowledging its 1862 origins. ( they were not the founders of the Ghost club)

the Ghost Club remained a selective and secretive organization of convinced believers for whom psychic phenomena were an established fact. Stainton Moses devoted himself to the Ghost Club which met monthly, with attendance being considered obligatory except for the most pressing reasons. Membership was small - 82 members over 54 years - and women were not allowed in the club until 1938. during this period it attracted some of the most original and controversial minds in psychical research, serving almost as a place of refuge for those who were unable to pursue activities elsewhere. These included Sir William Crookes Sir Oliver Lodge, the physicist; Nandor Fodor, psychologist and a former associate of Sigmund Freud; and Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, the creator of Sherlock Holmes.
The archives of the Club reveal that the names of members - both living and dead - were solemnly recited each November 2nd Each individual, living or dead, was recognized as still being a member of the Club. On more than one occasion deceased members were believed to have made their presence felt.​

Involved were also the poet W. B. Yeats (joined 1911) and later Frederick Bligh Bond (joined 1925),an English architect, illustrator, archaeologist and psychical researcher. Bligh Bond later left the country and later became active in the American Society for Psychical Research. (USA chapter of SPR, New York & Boston Chapters). Still meet today!
He rejoined the Ghost Club on his return to Britain in 1935.

At this stage of its existence, the Ghost Club might possibly be viewed as a Victorian occult or spiritualist society celebrating November 2, the Feast of All Souls.

Early 20th Century. However, attendance dwindled and the change in the 20th century from séance room investigation to laboratory-based research meant that the Ghost Club was becoming out of touch with contemporary psychic research or parapsychology as it became known in the 1930s. Harry Price, world-famous in the 1930s as a psychic researcher and for his investigation into Borley Rectory, joined as a member in 1927 as did psychologist Dr. Nandor Fodor who represented the changing approach to psychical research taking place. Other prominent members included Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. With attendance falling, Price, Bligh Bond and a handful of surviving members agreed to wind up the Club in 1936 after 485 meetings, and this took place on November 2, 1936. The Ghost Club records narrowly escaped being destroyed because of their confidential nature but were deposited in the British Museum under the proviso that they would be closed until 1962.

​​​Harry Price's ​restructuring. 
​​However these events proved only a temporary suspension for within 18 months Price had relaunched the Ghost Club as a society dining event where psychic researchers and mediums delivered after dinner talks. Price decided to admit women to the club,(1938) also specifying that it was not a spiritualist church or association but a group of skeptics that gathered to discuss paranormal topics. Among members in this period were Dr. C.E.M.Joad, Sir Julian Huxley, Algernon Blackwood, Sir Osbert Sitwell and Lord Amwell.

Mid- to late-20th Century (Peter Underwood, Tom Perrott) Following Price's death in 1948 activities lapsed but the Club was again relaunched by members of the committee, Philip Paul and Peter Underwood. From 1962-1993 author Peter Underwood served as President and many account of Club activities are found in his books.

Tom Perrott joined the club in 1967 and served as Chairman from 1971 to 1993.

Late 20th Century turmoils.. In 1993, however, the club underwent a period of internal disruption, during which Peter Underwood left to become Life President of another society he revived called "The Ghost Club Society", that was originally founded in 1851, taking some of the club members with him. During this period, Tom Perrott resigned due to the turmoil, but was invited to return to the Ghost Club as chairman, which he accepted.

With this turmoil behind the club, it was decided to implement a more democratic feel to proceedings, to abolish the "invite only" clause in its membership policy, to absorb the role of Chairman and President into one post, and to allow all members to have their say in council meetings, also encouraging them to become more involved in club affairs.

During this period the Ghost Club also expanded its remit to take in the study of UFOs, dowsing, cryptozoology and similar topics.

Into the 21st Century
In 1998, Perrott resigned as Chairman (although he remained active in club affairs), and barrister Alan Murdie was elected as his successor. Alan Murdie has written a number of ghost books including Haunted Brighton and regularly writes for the Fortean Times magazine.] In 2005 he was succeeded by Kathy Gearing. Ms. Gearing - the first female chairperson of the Ghost Club - announced in the Summer 2009 newsletter of the club her resignation from her position. In the first days of October 2009 it was announced that Alan Murdie had been re-appointed the Ghost Club's chairman four years after having left the same position.

The club continues to meet monthly on a Saturday afternoon at the Victory Services Club, near Marble Arch, in London. Several investigations are performed in England every year; in recent times, many have also been organised in Scotland by the Scottish Area Investigation Coordinator Mr. Derek Green (recently appointed to the position of Investigations Organiser for the whole Ghost Club).
Since its founding in 1862, the Ghost Club has welcomed many luminaries to its membership. The list includes Charles Dickens, Charles Babbage, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Sir William Crookes, Air Chief Marshal Lord Dowding,  Dr. C.E.M.Joad,  W. B. Yeats, Siegfried Sassoon, Dennis Wheatley, Peter Cushing, Peter Underwood and noted paranormal investigator Maurice Grosse, famous for his investigation of the Enfield Poltergeist. Current staff include..........Alan Murdie, Chair
Sarah Darnell, General Secretary
Derek Green, Investigations Officer
Philip Hutchison, Events Officer
Karen Cliff, Press Officer
Mark Ottowell, Journal Editor
James Tacchi, Science & Technical Officer.
Paul Foulsham, Ghost Club Webmaster
Gianna De Salvo, Membership Secretary​

​​The club has investigated many famous locations during its lifetime, such as Borley Church, Chingle Hall, The Queen's House, RAF Cosford Aerospace Museum, Glamis Castle, Winchester Theatre, The Ancient Ram Inn in Wotton-under-Edge, Woodchester Mansion, Balgonie Castle,Ham House, the village of New Lanark, Coalhouse Fort, the Glasgow Royal Concert Hall, Alloa Tower] Scotland Street School Museum Michelham Priory,Culross Palace and the Clerkenwell House of Detention. Reports about most of the investigations performed in the recent years can be found at the Ghost Club website at the tab "Investigations".

​​​​​​Website http://www.ghostclub.org.uk/


New York, chapter
​​​​The American Society for Psychical Research is the oldest psychical research organization in the United States. For more than a century, it's mission has been to explore extraordinary or as yet unexplained phenomena that have been called psychic or paranormal, and their implications for our understanding of consciousness, the universe and the nature of existence. How is mind related to matter, energy, space and time? In what unexplained ways do we interconnect with the universe and each other? The ASPR addresses these profoundly important and far-reaching questions with scientific research and related educational activities including lectures, conferences and other information services.

The ASPR was founded in 1884 in Boston Massachusetts  (resides in NY) by a distinguished group of scholars and scientists - Among founding members were the psychologists G. Stanley Hall, (ABOVE ) James Mark Baldwin, Joseph Jastrow, and Christine Ladd-Franklin.Among the first vice Presidents were Hall, William James and the philosopher Josiah Royce. The mathematician Simon Newcomb was the first President. The early members of the society were skeptical of paranormal phenomena.
They shared the courage and vision to explore the uncharted realms of human consciousness, among them renowned Harvard psychologist and Professor of Philosophy, William James. Many of the early participants were pioneers in psychology, psychiatry, physics and astronomy. Freud and Jung were honorary members. Luminaries from a wide range of disciplines have been drawn to the Society throughout its history, including Chester Carlson, the inventor of Xerox; quantum physicist, David Bohm; psychologist Gardner Murphy; and dream researcher Montague Ullman, M.D. From its inception, the Society has investigated the prevalence and meaning of extraordinary human experience from creativity, hypnosis, dreams and states of consciousness to telepathy, clairvoyance, precognition, psychokineses, healing, and the question of survival after death. These topics of study continue to be vitally relevant today.
​American Society for Psychical Research, Inc.
5 West 73rd Street
New York, New York 10023

​​​​Splinter group -The Boston Society for Psychical Research (BSPR)​

The organization was founded in May 1925 as a result of conflict within the American Society for Psychical Research (ASPR).Worcester, William McDougall, Lydia W. Allison, and Walter Franklin Prince. (ABOVE) Worcester, a distinguished Episcopal minister and founder of the healing movement served as the first president. Prince, having resigned as research officer of the American Society for Psychical Research, became the new society's research officer. Allison oversaw the publications program. The occasion for the break was the ASPR's strong advocacy of the mediumship of Mina S. Crandon ("Margery"). Under Prince's direction, the Boston Society carried on an active research program,
It was established in order to conduct psychic research according to strictly scientific principles set by Richard Hodgson and James Hervey Hyslop.
research examines ESP functioning in an altered state of consciousness. New case reports of personal experiences include premonitions of 9/11, as well as reports bearing on the survival hypothesis from a survey of near-death experiences, apparitions, ​​​ the results of which were published in a set of books and a series of bulletins.
After the death of Walter Franklin Prince in 1934, the Boston SPR began to flounder, and because the issue that brought it into existence had faded in importance, it was formally reunited with the ASPR in 1941. 

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Brief history On the SPR ​​(physcical Research Society) The SPR was founded in 1882 in London by a group of eminent thinkers including Edmund Gurney, Frederic W. H. Myers, William F. Barrett, Henry Sidgwick, and Edmund Dawson Rogers. The SPR was the first organisation of its kind in the world, its stated purpose being "to approach these varied problems without prejudice or prepossession of any kind, and in the same spirit of exact and unimpassioned enquiry which has enabled science to solve so many problems, once not less obscure nor less hotly debated.

Critical SPR investigations into purported mediums and the exposure of fake mediums led to a number of resignations in the 1880s by Spiritualist members, but the Society continued to investigate mediums, studying Gladys Osborne Leonard, Eusapia Palladino, Leonora Piper, Rudi Schneider among others.

Much of the early work involved investigating, exposing and in some cases duplicating fake phenomena. Richard Hodgson (parapsychologist) distinguished himself in that area. In 1884 Hodgson was sent by the SPR to India to investigate Helena Blavatsky and concluded that her claims of psychic power were fraudulent.

In 1886 and 1887 in a series of publications the SPR exposed the tricks of many mediums. One of the most interesting exposures of that period was carried out by Hodgson with his friend, S. J. Davey. Originating the “fake séance” technique for educating the public (including SPR members), Davey gave sittings under an assumed name, duplicating the slate-writing phenomena produced by a medium named William Eglinton, and then proceeded to point out to the sitters the manner in which they had been deceived. Because of this, some spiritualist members such as William Stainton Moses resigned from the SPR. Due to the exposure of William Hope and other fraudulent spiritualists, Arthur Conan Doyle led a mass resignation of eighty-four members of the Society for Psychical Research, as they believed the Society was opposed to spiritualism.

According to D. Scott Rogo "For years a feud existed between the Spiritualists who saw the SPR as unnecessarily sceptical and the SPR which saw Spiritualists as credulous or simplistic." As the SPR progressed many of the members came to interpret mediumship and spiritualist phenomena in terms of psychokinesis and telepathy opposed to the spiritualist hypothesis. This explanation for spiritualistic phenomena prevailed in the SPR, and is still supported by parapsychological researchers to this day. On this subject Terence Hines wrote "The split came about not because of doubt on the part of the scientists who belonged to the SPR, but because of a fundamental difference with spiritualists over the correct interpretation of the phenomena that took place at séances." The parapsychological claim that mediumship can be explained by psychokinesis or telepathy is not accepted by the scientific community.

The SPR is frequently referred to in Victorian and Edwardian literature as the "Psychical Research Society". The term psychical was adopted to distinguish the purported phenomena from those classified as psychic, (that is simply mental processes such as thought, memory, etc.) and the SPR were to introduce a number of other neologisms which have entered the English language, such as 'telepathy', which was coined by Frederic Myers.

​​​​​​​The Society is run by a President and a Council of twenty members, and is open to interested members of the public to join. The organisation is based at 49 Marloes Road, Kensington, London, (there were also 2 USA chapters, New York & Boston - Boston was incorporated into the New York chapter in 1941.- ASPR). with a library and office open to members, and with large book and archival holdings in Cambridge University Library, Cambridgeshire, England. It publishes the peer reviewed quarterly Journal of the Society for Psychical Research (JSPR), the irregular Proceedings and the magazine Paranormal Review. It holds an annual conference, regular
​​​lectures and two study days per year .